“I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones” — Albert Einstein

Friday, October 30, 2009

The Teacher

A writer must take infinite pains—if he writes only one great story in his life, that is better than writing a hundred bad ones—and that finally the pains the writer takes must be his own.
—John Gardner

In praise for John Gardner’s book, On Becoming A Novelist, my copy is underlined and annotated and always close at hand. I’ve read it and reread it, all the while wondering: do I have what it takes? And then self-doubt sets in, as it always does, especially when I awake in the middle of the night and all seems lost. Then, in the light of day this self-flagellation retreats like the bogeyman under the bed and off I happily go in search of the perfect word.

He explains better than any teacher I’ve ever had what writing teachers really mean when they say we should show and not tell. “One can feel sad or happy or bored or cross in a thousand ways,” he says. “The abstract adjectives mean almost nothing. The precise gesture nails down the one feeling right for the moment. This is what the writing teacher means by “show,” not “tell". And that is all they mean. You can tell a reader about almost anything in fiction except a character’s feelings. The characters’ feelings must be demonstrated, through an action (or gesture), dialogue or physical reaction to setting.”

If I would share any other thing from this generous book, it is his frequent reference to what he calls the vivid and continuous dream. A good writer, he says, evokes in a reader a vivid and continuous dream. This is the state of mind your reader falls into if you’ve done your job. Absorbed in the dream you’ve artfully weaved, they forget that they are reading printed words on a page. But be wary, for the dream can be abruptly interrupted. One misplaced word will jar them back to reality, one clumsy out-of-character action (why she would never do that!) will make them question the writer’s honesty, one grammatical error will make them page ahead looking for one more reason to stop or, worse, set the whole thing aside.

I think it relates back to the mysterious trancelike state all novelists experience when they’re writing a serious novel. We can’t explain it, even to ourselves, and certainly not to anyone who doesn’t write novels. The writer’s trance evokes the vivid dream in the reader. Good fiction requires it and the serious reader expects it.


Tricia J. O'Brien said...

I like this notion about sad or happy being shown in a thousand different ways. I'm going to try to think of that when I'm writing emotional scenes and see if I can find more nuance.
By the way, I just commented on your "banned" story, The Echo. I don't know how I missed it. Did it post on Oct. 11? If so, I probably missed it because I was out of town. The weird thing about Blogger is if you start a post and don't put it up right away it publishes on the day you start it, not when you hit publish.

Yvonne said...

And how much easier it is to say a character is "sad" then to search for the right gesture or action unique to that character. I guess that's why John Gardner says a novel can take years to write. He must have been an amazing teacher. And I just realized I forgot to title this post.

I did post The Echo on Oct 11th, and I'm very glad you found it. (I had despaired of anyone finding it.) I commented on your comment!


Dave said...

Good stuff. I like his writing style as well as his points. It's interesting to read what you focused on from his book. Thanks.

Yvonne said...

Thanks, Dave, for stopping by. I'm glad you enjoyed my post on Gardner's book. I also thought the forward by Raymond Chandler was a very moving tribute.

By the way, I love your profile picture.

Yvonne said...

Oops...I mean Carver.
Raymond Carver. Geez